Curcumin has been shown to inhibit cancer in all ts different stages and is believed to work in two different ways. Firstly Curcumin has been shown to cause Apoptosis. Apoptosis, a Greek word meaning 'Falling Off', is programmed cell death which only occurs in multi-cellular organisms. Apoptosis is a normal process in the human body and is vital for the survival of an organism. This programmed cell death is necessary for the removal of certain cells that may have been over produced or cells that have been produced and unneeded. Another good reason for Apoptosis is that it is capable of removing cells that are dangerous to the organism, cells that have become damaged or have become irreparable. Curcumin in this regard is particularly useful as it has been shown to cause programmed cell death in cancer cells.
Secondly, Curcumin is able to direct DNA to repair existing cell damage that could in the future lead to the development of a particular type of cancer. Curcumin has also been shown to mediate and even offer some protection against the effects of radiation and has also been shown to make chemotherapy more effective whilst mitigating the side effects of chemotherapy.